Environmental Declaration


    A declaration that indicates the product meets environmental friendliness criteria during all of its lifecycles.


    An increasing number of products have an eco-label. So, what’s its purpose? This label indicates that the product meets environmental friendliness criteria during its complete lifecycle, including manufacturing, use, marketing and at the end of its useful life.   

    This label attracts customers, who feel more responsible buying such products and opt for them since they align with their environmental values. Yes, eco-labels encourage continuous sustainability and improvement. 

    Eco-labeling systems   

    According to ISO standards, there are 3 systems to obtain an eco-label:  

    • Type I:  is a voluntary environmental qualification system that officially identifies and certifies that certain products or services have  minor environmental impact, taking into account their entire life cycle. Ecolabels are granted by an independent third party (such as the administration), which acts as a certifying entity. This system complies with the specific ISO 14024 requirements. 
    • Type II: are obtained from environmental self-declarations. The environmental indication (logo, text) is endorsed by the manufacturer or packager itself, and normally refers to the life-cycle stage or a specific aspect of the product (e.g. that it’s "biodegradable", "recyclable", etc.). There is no independent third-party certification involved in this system. It must also meet specific ISO 14021 requirements. 
    • Type III : a document is based on a full life-cycle analysis, and carried out in accordance with ISO 14040. Its analysis demonstrates quantified environmental parameters. All of the information displayed in this type of document must be understandable and verified by an independent third party and also comply with ISO 14025. 

    What you need to know about Type III Environmental  Declarations

    As previously mentioned, type III Environmental Declarations show quantified environmental information about the product life-cycle, and thus allows us to compare products that fulfill the same function. Type III environmental declarations are:  

    • Provided by one or more organizations. 
    • Based on independent verification of life cycle analysis (LCA) data.   
    • Developed using predetermined parameters.  
    • Subject to management by a program manager.   

    Primarily intended for business-to-business communication. Their use in business-to-consumer communication is not ruled out. 

    Environmental Performance Indicators  

    These are some of the environmental impacts that should be taken into account when elaborating a Type III Environmental Statement. 

    Inicial  Category Factor Unit of measurement 
    GWP – total Global Warming Potential – total   Full global warming potential.  Kg CO²-eq. 
    GWP – fossil  Global Warming Potential – fossils Biogenic global warming potential.  Kg CO²-eq. 
    GWP – biogenic  Global Warming Potential - biogenic Global warming potential due to fossil fuels.  Kg CO²-eq. 
    GWP – LULUC  Global Warming Potential - Land Use and Land-Use Changes Global warming potential due to  land use and land-use changes.  Kg CO²-eq. 
    ODP Ozone Depletion Potential Global warming potential due to stratospheric  ozone depletion.    Kg CFC 11 eq. 
    AP  Acidification Potential Acidification potential due to an accumulated excess.   mol H+ eq. 
    EP – freshwater Eutrophication Potential -freshwater Eutrophication potential, a fraction of nutrients reach the final freshwater compartment.  Kg P eq. 
    EP - marine  Eutrophication Potential –marine Eutrophication potential, a fraction of nutrients reach the final compartment of marine water.  Kg N eq. 
    EP – terrestrial Eutrophication Potential – terrestrial Eutrophication Potential due to  cumulative terrestrial excess. mol N eq. 
    POCP Photochemical Ozone Creation Potential Potential for Photochemical Tropospheric ozone formation. Kg NMVOC eq.
    ADP –minerals & metals Abiotic Depletion Potential  for minerals and metals Abiotic depletion potential for non-fossil resources) Kg Sb-Eq.
    ADP – fossil Abiotic Depletion Potential for fossil fuels  Abiotic Depletion Potential for fossil fuels MJ, net heating value 
    WDP Water Deprivation Potential Water Deprivation Potential for consumers  M3 worldwide private eq. 
    PM Particulate Matter Potential incidence of diseases due to particulate matter emissions.  Incidence of Disease/s
    IR Ionizing radiation, human health. Exposure efficiency of the human potential relative to U235. KBq U235 eqv.
    ETP fw

    Ecotoxicity Potential (freshwater)

    Ecotoxicity Potential in Freshwater ecosystems CTUe 
    HTP-c  Human toxicity Potential - carcinogens effects Comparative ecosystem toxic unit potential (carcinogenic effects)  CTUh 
    HTP-nc Human toxicity Potential – non-carcinogens effects Comparative ecosystem toxic unit potential (non-carcinogenic effects)  CTUh 
    SQP  Impacts related to land use / soil quality Soil quality potential index  Dimensionless 


    Environmental Product Declarations (EPD) 

    EPDs fall into Type III Environmental Declarations. If you wish to obtain this type of declaration, our certification team is well-prepared to help you throughout the entire process. 

    EPD environmental information should cover all life-cycle stages; modules should subdivide into the following:    

    • A1-A3 Product stage 
    • A4-A5 Construction Process Stage  
    • B1-B7 Use stage  
    • C1-C4 End-of-life stage  
    • D Benefits and burdens beyond system boundaries. 

    We can provide the following EPDs: 

    • Cradle to Gate* with modules C1-C4 and D (A1-A3 + C + D).  
    • Cradle to Gate* with modules C1-C4 and D (A1-A3 + C + D + additional modules).  A4, A5 or B1-B7 modules could also be included. 
    • Cradle to Grave* and module D (A + B + C + D)  
    • Cradle to Gate (A1-A3)  
    • Cradle to Gate with options (A1-A3 and additional modules). A4 and/or A5 modules can be included 

    *These concepts are explained in the infographic below:  

    Applus+ uses first-party and third-party cookies for analytical purposes and to show you personalized advertising based on a profile drawn up based on your browsing habits (eg. visited websites). You can accept all cookies by pressing the "Accept" button or configure or reject their use. Consult our Cookies Policy for more information.

    Cookie settings panel