Applus+ has worked together with Airbus on the ALCAS R&D program carrying out structural testing of carbon fiber components
Through the ALCAS (Advanced Low Cost Aircraft Structures) R&D program, Airbus is developing the technology needed to build an aircraft of the future – lighter and more efficient – that is completely manufactured of composite materials.
Within the program, Airbus devoted a phase of the project to the study of carbon fiber components repair. This phase consisted of conducting a series of mechanical tests on CFRP (carbon fiber reinforced plastic) parts subjected to various types of damage and repairs.
To carry out this test program Airbus required a specialized partner, with extensive know-how and experience in managing and performing mechanical testing of large-size CFRP components.
Applus+, thanks to the experience it acquired as an officially-validated Airbus laboratory for testing structural mechanics down to the component level and in being a Nadcap-accredited laboratory for the testing of composite materials, became Airbus's partner for conducting the testing.
The Applus+ team managed and carried out the testing at its mechanical testing laboratory at Bellaterra (Barcelona), one of the few laboratories in Europe specialized in high-load aeronautical trials.
The workpackage provided by Applus+ consisted of:
- Management and manipulation of carbon fiber components in accordance with Airbus procedures
- Design and construction of equipment for entering a load onto CFRP components
- Design and installation of the data acquisition system (MGC+, ARAMIS, sonic chamber)
- Final RIG assembly at the testing facility
- Mechanization of fiber components in accordance with aeronautical procedures
- Carrying out a test in the 15MN (1500 tonne) universal machine, the only one officially validated in Europe for Airbus
- Ultrasonic non-destructive inspection of the damages and repairs to the fiber components
- Post-processing of the acquired data, interpretation of results and preparation of the technical conclusions report
The project had a duration of 6 months and involved a team of 20 people (project leader, designers, aeronautical engineers, experts in data acquisition, equipment makers and experts in the manipulation of CFRP components).
Advantages for our customer
- The close cooperation between Applus+ and Airbus has allowed the latter to successfully complete this critical phase of the ALCAS project, obtaining the results required by the R&D program.
- The complexity of the project lay in the large size of the parts to be tested (up to 4 meters) under loads of up to 10MN, as well as the fact that these components were manufactured out of CFRP.
- Through these results, Airbus has increased its knowledge of CFRP aircraft components, allowing it to progress in its development of lighter and more efficient aircraft.
- For its part, Applus+ has managed to further expand its expertise in managing large aeronautical trials.